How Can Humans Contract Rodent Diseases?
At first glance, services like those we offer at Owl Pest Control Dublin may seem like just an added expense. But believe it or not, there is more to pest control than what meets the eye. Rodents, in particular, are not only pesky and scary to look at but they also carry more danger in the form of diseases.
No matter where you are in the world, except Antarctica, chances are you have encountered rodents at one point or another. While they may seem docile, common rodent species like mice and rats are not harmless and should never be ignored.
Aside from the obvious fact that they can cause some damage to your property and belongings with their incessant gnawing, rodents can also cause health complications and infectious diseases.
Rodent-borne diseases come in all sizes and shapes, from the more common bacteria-based illnesses like salmonella to more destructive viruses like hantavirus. All these diseases are inconvenient and nasty things to contract. Unfortunately, these are often transmitted by mice and rats that can enter your house in search of shelter and food that might lead to an infestation when left untreated.
The moment these pests enter and enter homes, they can end up spreading several diseases. But how can rodent diseases infect humans in the first place? Here are some of the most common methods by which rodent diseases are transmitted to humans:
More often than not, rodent diseases originate from the rodents themselves. This is why dead rodents can pose serious health risks to humans.
The easiest and fastest way for humans to catch a disease and get infected by a dead rodent is obviously by touching it. Pest control experts strongly advise against touching a dead rodent if you come across one. You might catch a rodent-borne disease or RBD if you touch a dead rodent and touch open parts of your body afterwards, like your eyes, nose, and mouth, as well as scratches or wounds.
In cases that you need to touch the dead rodent, be sure to put on gloves, and don’t forget to wash your hands thoroughly after you do so to stop the spread of infections.
But again, the best thing you can do is to refrain from touching dead rodents. If you need help removing a dead mouse or rat, it is recommended to call an expert on pest control Dublin.
The most common diseases you can catch from dead rodents include rabies, tularaemia, rat-bite fever, and the plague.
Many diseases lay dormant and originate from rodents themselves. For this reason, rodent bites can result in some serious health concerns. You can catch diseases from rodent bites through saliva.
The moment a rat bites you, this will pierce your skin and allow the infected rodent’s saliva carrying the RBD to get into your bloodstream and result in you contracting the disease.
Some of the common rodent diseases you can catch from rodent bites include rat-bite fever, leptospirosis, tularaemia, and hantavirus.
Rodent faeces can harbour all kinds of diseases. A mouse can leave behind 50 to 80 droppings per night, scattering them randomly in the spaces they inhabit. You will have a higher risk of contracting rodent diseases if you are dealing with a large infestation in your home.
Rodent diseases can infect humans from faeces through contamination of food, water, and air. It is the result of the faeces mixing with the air or with the rodents defecating near or on water and food sources.
Aside from contaminating air and food sources, faeces can also spread rodent diseases as a result of direct contact. It can happen if you touch their faeces, you touch things that came into contact with the faeces, or your scratches or wounds were exposed to rodent faeces.
Several diseases can infect humans through rodent faeces and parasites, including:
Rodent diseases can also infect humans by getting scratched by a mouse, rat, or other rodents. Rodents carry different diseases that can be transmitted to humans once their skin gets penetrated by a scratch.
A scratch will allow harmful diseases and infections to spread through the skin openings. The infectious radicals can enter the bloodstream and spread all over the person’s body.
Leptospirosis, rat-bite fever, and Well’s disease are some of the most common rodent diseases you can get from rodent scratches.
If you are dealing with a rodent infestation, specifically rats and mice, their urine is the main and most common source of rodent diseases. Mice and rats use urine to map out a trail for their family and friends to available food sources.
Urine pillars are the main sign of mice. It happens with constant urination in one spot over a long time and combines with the dirt to create pillars that look like small stalactites.
The following are the methods by which rodent diseases can infect humans:
- Contaminated air – Rodent-borne diseases can be contracted if you inhale dust contaminated by rodent urine.
- Contaminated food – Diseases can also be contracted through contaminated water and food. It happens when a mouse or rat urinates on a water supply or food source.
- Direct contact – Humans can also catch diseases once they come into direct contact with rodent urine, either by touching the urine itself or touching things contaminated by it.
- Open wound – You might be at risk of catching a rodent-borne disease if you have an open scratch or wound not dressed properly that comes into contact with rodent urine. Rat-bite fever, Well’s disease, hantavirus, and leptospirosis are the diseases you can potentially catch from rodent urine.
When it comes to rodent-borne diseases, prevention is always better than cure. This is best done by making sure that they don’t gain access to your home in the first place.
Aside from the usual preventative measures, it is also recommended to hire professional specialists such as Owl Pest Control Dublin, who can stop an infestation before it even happens.
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